Vacuum_TrucksEvery mechanical device has the capacity to last for a long period of time if it is properly maintained and vacuum trucks are no exception to this rule. The proper maintenance of these powerful machines plays a vital role in keeping them at peak performance levels, achieving a long service life. When vacuum trucks are properly maintained, it not only lowers their operating costs but also helps increase performance when certain problems are detected at an early stage thus preventing future major repairs. A well-maintained vehicle means it will be ready to go when it is needed the most.

Mechanical Check-Up Points

Following are some simple tips that can help ensure that vacuum trucks reach a full life expectancy.

  • Engine Oil – Always check this fluid to avoid corrosion and engine deterioration. Oil lubricates internal moving parts and reduces the friction of metal-to-metal contact. Be sure to check the manufacturer’s manual to determine the type of engine oil that should be used.
  • Tires – The right amount of air pressure should be maintained in all four tires. Properly inflated tires increase a driver’s ability to control the wheels; improperly inflated tires will lose some service life. Wheel alignment should also be done regularly on vacuum trucks.
  • Ignition System – Inspection of this component is critical. If spark-plugs fail to function properly, engine misfire can result which wastes fuel, decreases performance, and produces higher carbon dioxide emissions.
  • Tune-Ups – Belts and hoses should be checked for cracks, loose clamps, and any signs of corrosion. Bulging, brittle, and frayed belts should be replaced.
  • Brakes – Brakes must be fully functional. Before operating these trucks, it is imperative to conduct a thorough check of the brake system. Listen for any squeaking, grinding or other strange noises when applying the brakes. These are warning signs that the brake pads are worn and need to be replaced. Brake fluid levels should also be checked once a month.
  • Radiator – Water is essential in keeping the engine cool and the entire radiator system should be regularly checked and refilled as necessary.
  • Hydraulic System – Malfunction or failure is a common problem of the hydraulic system and is usually cause by fluid contamination. To prevent this problem, preventive maintenance must be performed as recommended by the manufacturer. Fluid testing, filter replacement and flushing should be conducted i to detect and remove any contaminants present in the fluid.
  • Vacuum Pumps – The pump is the most important component of this equipment. Clear the hose of any obstructions, replace the gauge if necessary, repair any leaks, and replace rotor vanes if swollen or broken.

Maintenance requirements differ from one vehicle to another. Keeping vacuum trucks in good condition by following a regular maintenance schedule may help prevent mechanical breakdowns. Taking the time to inspect the overall condition is not difficult to do. In fact, this is a very simple activity that may help the equipment function better and last longer!