Safety requirements are very important especially with the versatile and powerful vacuum trucks. By meeting safety requirements, you are protecting not only yourVacuum_Trucks business investments but also the lives of your operators and crew.

Employer Accountability

Employers are primarily responsible to meet safety requirements for their vacuum trucks‘ operators and workers. This responsibility includes proper training, instruction, provision of protective equipment and adequate supervision. The employer’s coordination and abiding by OSHA’s regulations will ensure that all safety requirements are adequately addressed.

Safe Work Procedures

The scope of vacuum trucks safe work operating procedures starts long before engaging in any vacuum truck operations. All workers should have a clear idea on what will be happening and should know what to do in case of toxic gas exposure. Safe work procedures should be maintained both at the hauling site and at any discharge area. Employers need to ensure that the variety of substances and fluids are held properly accountable.

Operating Safety Requirements

Before engaging in any operation of vacuum trucks, an employer should consult and confirm that the material to be extracted is an allowable material per the manufacturer’s instruction. At the same time, workers should have a clear understanding of what they need to know in the operation, such as the following:

  • Good understanding of the associated hazards of the substance or material to be vacuumed and knows the evacuation procedure should there be a toxic gas leak.
  • Continuous monitoring of air quality while at the worksite and at the discharge area.
  • Readily available first aid kit that is easily accessible in the event of a toxic gas exposure.
  • Safe working condition of the vacuum truck and pump system. In addition, the tank mechanism such as the interior, filter bag housing, and cyclone separators should be inspected to be sure that there is no substance that could possibly react with the liquid to be vacuumed.

Toxic Gas Exposures Prevention

It is very important that there be onsite prevention of toxic gas exposure to workers. Every worker needs to be a part of the prevention effort. The following are important elements for truck drivers and vacuum truck operators to preventing toxic gas exposure at the worksite.

  • Never transfer any material from one truck to another unless it has been established that no chemical reaction will occur. The vacuum trucks should be positioned to minimize exposure to any discharge of gases and fumes; basically, the operator should ensure that the discharge lines are safe for any operations.
  • Vent lines should be directed away from workers, workstations and pump system controls and valves. If possible, use a vertical exhaust stack to divert exhaust gases and check the air monitoring equipment to ensure that vent lines are working properly.
  • The tank level indicator should be closely monitored to prevent the tank from overfilling and over-pressurizing.

For more information and a complete checklist about the safe operation of vacuum trucks, you can refer to OSHA’s set of requirements.


There is a wide range of health and safety information for vacuum truck operations and implementing responsibly means safety in the workplace and efficiency in accomplishing the tasks. Before your next extraction operation, make sure that safety requirements on vacuum trucks are met for smooth hauling!