A vacuum truck is a unique vehicle intended to pump bulk liquid waste materials from places such as catch basins, septic tanks, sumps, oil spills and more. This equipment notVacuum_Truck_Sale only performs industrial waste material clean-up but can also perform waste removal for municipalities such as street sweeping and sewer cleanup. Generally, these vehicles from a vacuum truck sale are utilized for removing, transporting, and disposal of toxic and non-toxic materials.

Vacuum Truck Pumps

Vacuum truck pumps are powered by either power take-offs (PTO’s) or pony motors. A power take-off is used to run the pump through the vehicle’s engine, while a pony motor performs the same function but is a small motor that will get the larger diesel engine started. Currently, the most common type of vacuum pump utilized in the industry is the positive displacement air pump. This kind of pump is effective for low suctioning. Positive displacement pumps employ a mechanism that expands a small sealed cavity to produce a low vacuum process. To achieve a high capacity vacuum, momentum transfer pumps are used. Vacuum pump systems are designed to do the job rapidly and efficiently.

Uses of Vacuum Trucks

The versatility of vacuum trucks from a vacuum truck sale is their capacity to clean out wet or dry, toxic and non-toxic materials. Vacuum trucks essentially have three different uses – suctioning, transportation and disposal.

Suctioning of Materials – Primarily, vacuum trucks were engineered to vacuum wet and dry, hazardous and non-hazardous materials. The suctioning can be high-velocity air suction or low-velocity air suction. Commonly, the high-speed suctioning is preferred for use in vacuuming solid, liquid, and scum or sludge materials. Industrial usage includes cleaning oil spills and removal of brine water, while their use by municipalities includes cleaning up sewers, catch basins, septic tanks and clogged drainage systems.

Transporting MaterialsVacuum trucks are an environmentally friendly type of equipment responsible for the conveyance of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends the use of vacuum trucks in the transportation of bio-solids because of their spill prevention and odor control abilities that help prevent the exposure of the public to the hazards involved by the transportation of these materials.

Disposal of Materials – Hazardous waste puts the public at risk for potential health threats. According to the EPA, in order to manage hazardous waste, vacuum trucks should be deployed specifically for the disposal of these materials. Vacuum trucks are very effective in bringing the materials to the treatment site safely to minimize environmental impacts.

Tank Size – The size of the tank differs depending on the truck and the vacuum pump system. They can be customized based on preference and business needs. It takes three to twenty weeks to fabricate the tank, depending on the size; however, there are standard sizes in the market that can be mounted to a truck and are suitable for a specific vacuum pump system.

Handling Hazardous Materials

The Department of Transportation (DOT) requires that every vacuum truck operator undergo educational training. This training is designed to familiarize operators with the terminology necessary for the transportation of hazardous materials, classification of hazardous materials, and proper documentation related to material handling.

A vacuum truck sale will help an operator find these trucks that are helpful and versatile machines able to perform the pneumatic conveyance of hazardous and non-hazardous materials. This advanced system is extremely efficient in handling these materials that are very dangerous. Before operating these trucks, drivers must undergo training to prevent improper use of the vehicle and to avoid unnecessary accidents. Armed with all of this information, now it should be clear exactly what makes up a vacuum truck!